As a notable phenomenon of 21st century international geo-politics, sovereign states tend to seek out to forge cooperation, despite long-standing disputes between them. While government officials and military personnel continue to engage with each other, side channels of communication, popularly referred to as ‘Track II’
India-EU relations date to the early 1960s, with India being amongst the first countries to establish diplomatic relations with the European Economic Community. A cooperation agreement signed in 1994 took the bilateral relationship beyond trade and economic cooperation. At the 5th India-EU Summit at The Hague in 2004, the relationship was upgraded to a ‘Strategic Partnership’.